Studio Lighting

Lights is the most important requirement in photography, without it, you will not produce any at all.

The three lighting sources and functions:

Symmetric (Power packs)

  • Symmetric meaning equal thus meaning that the light splitt power equally between multiple flash heads. 
  • The controls and knobs comes on the power pack itself.
  • Have more power and are more appropriate to be used on a huge studio or outdoors.

Assymetric (Power packs)

  • Allows the user to vart the power supply from different flash heads making it unequal. 
  • The controls and knobs comes on the power pack itself. 
  • Have more power and are more appropriate to be used on a huge studio or outdoors.


  • These are compact substitutes for a power packs listen above, The size of the light limits their power but are often used because of their portabilitv. The controlers are built directly into the light itself. You will be seeding to adjust each monolight’s knob individually.
  • Best to use indoors.

Light Modifiers:


  • Usually square or reclangle in shape. These are lightweight boxes that has an reflective inside. Lights are emitter inside the walls of the box and then reflects it and get diffuse – creating a soft, focused light.

Reflective Umbrellas

  • These type of light modifier produce a diffuse and soft light because of the size of where it is reflecting. Light flies from the strobe head hitting the umbrdlla and then bounces back towards the model or subject.

The Three-Point Lighting Studio set-up:



This setup uses two softboxes. A small one below and a large one above it, at the same angle. The lighting ratio is 2:1

The large softbox acts as the key light, and it also could illuminate the background if it was dark. The small softbox acts as the fill light. The photographer would shoot right through the gap in the vertical axis between the softboxes, while standing behind them.


This setup uses a 4×6 softbox with a grid, and a large foam cord bookend as a reflector. You can move the foam cord reflector closer to the model for more fill, or further away from the model for less fill. This setup uses a 4:1, or an 8:1 lighting ratio.


This setup is exactly the same as the fashion light setup above, only substituting the large softbox with a beauty dish. This gives a little bit harder light, with greater contrast. The lighting ratio of this setup is 4:1.

Examples: Portrait, Beauty and fashion

Practical Assignment:

For the practical assignment, I asked my husband to be my model. Here are the results.

Soft Lighting:

Hard Light:

Dramatic light:


Noroff Resources–photo-4229

Unsplash for the images

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